Nucleic acid sequences containing guanine tracts are able to adopt noncanonical four-stranded nucleic acid structures called G-quadruplexes (G4s). These structures are based on the stacking of two or more G-tetrads; each tetrad is a planar association of four guanines held together by eight hydrogen bonds. In this study, we analyzed a conserved G-rich region from HIV-1 promoter that is known to regulate the transcription of the HIV-1 provirus. Strikingly, our analysis of an alignment of 1684 HIV-1 sequences from this region showed a high conservation of the ability to form G4 structures despite a lower conservation of the nucleotide primary sequence. Using NMR spectroscopy, we determined the G4 topology adopted by a DNA sequence from this region (HIV-PRO1: 5' TGGCCTGGGCGGGACTGGG 3'). This DNA fragment formed a stable two G-tetrad antiparallel G4 with an additional Watson-Crick CG base pair. This hybrid structure may be critical for HIV-1 gene expression and is potentially a novel target for anti-HIV-1 drug development.