Early vitrectomy for severe proliferative diabetic retinopathy in eyes with useful vision. Results of a randomized trial--Diabetic Retinopathy Vitrectomy Study Report 3. The Diabetic Retinopathy Vitrectomy Study Research Group

Ophthalmology. 1988 Oct;95(10):1307-20. doi: 10.1016/s0161-6420(88)33015-0.


Three hundred seventy eyes with advanced, active, proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and visual acuity of 10/200 or better were randomly assigned to either early vitrectomy or conventional management. After 4 years of follow-up, the percentage of eyes with a visual acuity of 10/20 or better was 44% in the early vitrectomy group and 28% in the conventional management group. The proportion with very poor visual outcome was similar in the two groups. The advantage of early vitrectomy tended to increase with increasing severity of new vessels. In the group with the least severe new vessels, no advantage of early vitrectomy was apparent.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / etiology
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / physiopathology
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / surgery*
  • Female
  • Fibrosis / etiology
  • Fibrosis / surgery
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / etiology
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / surgery
  • Random Allocation
  • Time Factors
  • Visual Acuity
  • Vitrectomy* / adverse effects