Children's exposure to intimate partner violence

Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2014 Apr;23(2):295-308, viii-ix. doi: 10.1016/j.chc.2013.12.008. Epub 2014 Feb 16.


Children's exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) is now recognized as a form of child maltreatment associated with significant mental health impairment. This article provides an overview of the epidemiology of children's exposure to IPV, including prevalence, risk, and protective factors and associated impairment, and a summary of assessment and interventions aimed at preventing its occurrence and responding to children and families. Information about evidence-based approaches to responding to children who present with impairment after exposure to IPV, such as posttraumatic-stress disorder symptoms, is discussed. Some of the challenges in understanding children's needs with regard to safety and protection are outlined with recommendations for future directions.

Keywords: Child abuse; Child welfare; Intimate partner violence; Mental disorders; Spouse abuse.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child Abuse / diagnosis
  • Child Abuse / psychology*
  • Child Abuse / therapy
  • Child Welfare
  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Interpersonal Relations*
  • Parent-Child Relations*
  • Spouse Abuse / diagnosis
  • Spouse Abuse / psychology*
  • Stress, Psychological / diagnosis
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology*
  • Stress, Psychological / therapy