The International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) convened its second Pediatric Position Development Conference (PDC) on October 2-3, 2013 in Baltimore, MD. The conference was co-sponsored by the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) and was held immediately before their annual meeting. The aim of a PDC is to make recommendations for standards in the field of bone densitometry. The recommendations address issues such as quality control, data acquisition and analysis, and the interpretation and reporting of bone densitometric results. In 2007, ISCD convened its first Pediatric PDC to address issues specific to skeletal health assessments in children and adolescents. The 2013 Pediatric PDC focused on advances in the field since that initial conference that would lead to revisions of the original positions. Topics for consideration were developed by the ISCD and its Scientific Advisory Committee. Clinically relevant questions related to each topic were assigned to task forces for a comprehensive review of the medical literature and subsequent presentation of reports to an international panel of experts. Expert panelists included representatives from both the ISCD and ASBMR. The recommendations of the PDC Expert Panel were subsequently reviewed by the ISCD Board of Directors and positions accepted by majority vote. The approved recommendations became the Official Positions of the ISCD. The positions are to be submitted to the ASBMR for its consideration for endorsement. Topics considered at the Pediatric PDC included fracture prediction and definition of osteoporosis, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry assessment in chronic diseases that may affect the skeleton, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry interpretation and reporting, quantitative computed tomography measurements, and densitometry in infants and young children. We discuss potential implications of the new recommendations and factors leading to a change in the wording of these positions, considering the science that has evolved over the past 6yr.
Keywords: Children; densitometry; osteoporosis; pediatrics.
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