Sports participation and parent-reported health-related quality of life in children: longitudinal associations

J Pediatr. 2014 Jun;164(6):1469-74. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.01.071. Epub 2014 Mar 20.


Objective: To investigate the longitudinal association between sports participation and parent-reported health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children.

Study design: Cohort study that used data drawn from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children in waves 3 (2008) and 4 (2010). Participants were a nationally representative sample of 4042 Australian children ages 8.25 (SD = 0.44) years at baseline and followed-up 24 months later.

Results: After we adjusted for multiple covariates, children who continued to participate in sports between the ages of 8 and 10 years had greater parent-reported HRQOL at age 10 (Eta2 = .02) compared with children who did not participate in sports (P ≤ .001), children who commenced participation after 8 years of age (P = .004), and children who dropped out of sports before reaching 10 years of age (P = .04). Children who participated in both team and individual sports (P = .02) or team sports alone (P = .04) had greater HRQOL compared with children who participated in individual sports alone (Eta2 = .01). The benefits of sports participation were strongest for girls (P < .05; Eta2 = .003).

Conclusions: Children's participation in developmentally appropriate team sports helps to protect HRQOL and should be encouraged at an early age and maintained for as long as possible.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Australia
  • Body Mass Index
  • Child
  • Child Welfare
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Health Promotion*
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Motor Activity / physiology*
  • Parent-Child Relations
  • Quality of Life*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Sports / physiology
  • Sports / psychology*