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Review
. 2015 Feb;48(2):315-23.
doi: 10.1016/j.dci.2014.03.004. Epub 2014 Mar 19.

Dscam and Pancrustacean Immune Memory - A Review of the Evidence

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Review

Dscam and Pancrustacean Immune Memory - A Review of the Evidence

Sophie A O Armitage et al. Dev Comp Immunol. .

Abstract

Evidence is accumulating for a memory-like phenomenon in the immune defence of invertebrates. Down syndrome cell adhesion molecule (Dscam) has been proposed as a key candidate for a somatically diversified receptor system in the crustaceans and insects (Pancrustacea) that could enable challenge-specific protection. However, what is the evidence for an involvement of Dscam in pancrustacean immune memory, and in particular specificity? Here we review the current state of the art, and discuss hypotheses of how Dscam could be involved in immunity. We conclude that while there is increasing evidence for the involvement of Dscam in pancrustacean immunity, crucial experiments to address whether it plays a role in specificity upon secondary encounter with a pathogen still remain to be done.

Keywords: Down syndrome cell adhesion molecule; Drosophila; Immune priming; Innate immunity; Insect immunity; Specificity.

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