Parabens. From environmental studies to human health

Environ Int. 2014 Jun;67:27-42. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2014.02.007. Epub 2014 Mar 19.


Parabens are a group of substances commonly employed as preservatives, mainly in personal care products, pharmaceuticals and food. Scientific reports concerning their endocrine disrupting potential and the possible link with breast cancer raised wide discussion about parabens' impact and safety. This paper provides holistic overview of paraben usage, occurrence in the environment, methods of their degradation and removal from aqueous solution, as well as hazards related to their endocrine disrupting potential and possible involvement in carcinogenesis.

Keywords: Cancer; Endocrine disruptor; Occurrence in the environment; Oxidative stress; Paraben; Preservative.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Environmental Exposure
  • Environmental Pollutants / analysis*
  • Environmental Pollutants / metabolism
  • Environmental Pollutants / toxicity
  • Humans
  • Parabens / analysis*
  • Parabens / metabolism
  • Parabens / toxicity
  • Preservatives, Pharmaceutical / analysis*
  • Preservatives, Pharmaceutical / metabolism
  • Preservatives, Pharmaceutical / toxicity
  • Tissue Distribution


  • Environmental Pollutants
  • Parabens
  • Preservatives, Pharmaceutical