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Review
, 1842 (7), 1001-9

miR-223: An Inflammatory oncomiR Enters the Cardiovascular Field

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Review

miR-223: An Inflammatory oncomiR Enters the Cardiovascular Field

Fatiha Taïbi et al. Biochim Biophys Acta.

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNAs of 18-22 nucleotides in length that regulate post-transcriptional expression by base-pairing with target mRNAs. It is now clearly established that miRNAs are involved in most of the cell's physiopathological processes (including carcinogenesis and metabolic disorders). This review focuses on miR-223, which was first described as a modulator of hematopoietic lineage differentiation. We outline the role of miR-223 deregulation in several types of cancers and highlight its inclusion in a newly identified and fast-growing family of miRNAs called oncomiRs. We then look at miR-223's emerging role in inflammatory and metabolic disorders, with a particular focus on muscle diseases, type II diabetes, atherosclerosis and vascular calcification. miR-223 is one of the growing number of RNA biomarkers of various human metabolic diseases and is thus of special interest to both researchers and clinicians in the cardiovascular field.

Keywords: Cancer; Hematopoiesis; MicroRNA; Muscle; Vascular disease; miR-223.

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