Immunity in human schistosomiasis mansoni: cross-reactive IgM and IgG2 anti-carbohydrate antibodies block the expression of immunity

Biochimie. 1988 Aug;70(8):1053-63. doi: 10.1016/0300-9084(88)90268-4.


We have previously reported that the slow development of immunity to reinfection after treatment of Schistosoma mansoni infections is partly attributable to the continued presence of 'blocking' antibodies in young, susceptible children. A further analysis of this phenomenon supports the hypothesis that such blocking antibodies can be of the IgG2 as well as the IgM isotype, and that they react with carbohydrate epitopes expressed both on egg polysaccharides and on schistosomulum surface antigens, of particular importance being those antigens that are shed from the schistosomulum surface during the early stages of maturation in vitro. Evidence is also presented that, in those patients lacking high levels of IgG2 blocking antibodies, resistance to reinfection after treatment is associated with the presence of other IgG isotypes against the same shed antigens.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies / immunology
  • Antigens, Helminth / immunology
  • Antigens, Surface / immunology
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Carbohydrates / immunology*
  • Child
  • Cross Reactions
  • Disease Susceptibility
  • Epitopes / analysis
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin G / immunology*
  • Immunoglobulin Isotypes / immunology
  • Immunoglobulin M / immunology*
  • Schistosoma mansoni / immunology
  • Schistosomiasis mansoni / immunology*


  • Antibodies
  • Antigens, Helminth
  • Antigens, Surface
  • Carbohydrates
  • Epitopes
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Immunoglobulin Isotypes
  • Immunoglobulin M