Characteristics and prognosis of sudden cardiac death in Greater Paris: population-based approach from the Paris Sudden Death Expertise Center (Paris-SDEC)

Intensive Care Med. 2014 Jun;40(6):846-54. doi: 10.1007/s00134-014-3252-5. Epub 2014 Mar 22.


Purpose: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a major public health concern, but data regarding epidemiology of this disease in Western European countries are outdated. This study reports the first results from a large registry of SCD.

Methods: A population-based registry was established in May 2011 using multiple sources to collect every case of SCD in Paris and its suburbs, covering a population of 6.6 million. Utstein variables were recorded. Pre-hospital and in-hospital data were considered, and the main outcome was survival at hospital discharge. Neurologic status at discharge was established as well.

Results: Of the 6,165 cases of SCD recorded over 2 years, 3,816 had a resuscitation attempt and represent the study population. Most patients were male (69%), the SCD occurred at home (72%) with bystanders in 80% of cases, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was performed in 45% of cases. Initial rhythm was shockable in 26% of cases. A total of 1,332 patients (35%) were admitted alive to hospital. Among hospitalized patients, 58% had a coronary angiogram, and the same proportion had therapeutic hypothermia. Finally, 279 patients (7.5%) were discharged alive, of whom 96% had a favorable neurological outcome. In multivariate analysis, bystander CPR (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.5-3.1) and initial shockable rhythm (OR 11.5, 95% CI 7.6-17.3) were positively associated with survival at hospital discharge, whereas age (OR 0.97 per year, 95% CI 0.96-0.98), longer response time (OR 0.93 per minute, 95% CI 0.89-0.97), occurrence at home (OR 0.4, 95% CI 0.3-0.6), and epinephrine dose greater than 3 mg (OR 0.05, 95% CI 0.03-0.08) were inversely associated with survival.

Conclusion: Despite being conducted in the therapeutic hypothermia and early coronary angiogram era, hospital discharge survival rate of resuscitated SCD remains poor. The current registry suggests ways to improve pre-hospital and in-hospital care of these patients.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / mortality*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Death, Sudden, Cardiac / epidemiology*
  • Emergency Medical Services / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inpatients / statistics & numerical data
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest / mortality*
  • Paris / epidemiology
  • Prognosis
  • Registries*
  • Survival Rate / trends