The HSE Management Standards Indicator Tool: concurrent and construct validity

Occup Med (Lond). 2014 Jul;64(5):365-71. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqu038. Epub 2014 Mar 22.


Background: The Health & Safety Executive Management Standards Indicator Tool (HSE-MS IT) is a questionnaire commonly used to assess work-related stress risks at an organizational level. A critical factor in determining whether this instrument is actually useful is that higher levels of stress risk in the work-design domains should predict higher levels of stress and stress-related outcomes in workers. Only a few studies, however, have addressed this issue.

Aims: To test both the concurrent and construct validity of the HSE-MS IT, by relating it with another widely used instrument, the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ), and by examining its relationships with a set of work-related stress outcomes.

Methods: An anonymous cross-sectional questionnaire was administered to a sample of employees in an Italian municipality. The questionnaire included the HSE-MS IT, self-reported measures of job satisfaction, job motivation and stress at work, the Satisfaction with Life Scale and the reduced form of the JCQ.

Results: A total of 760 out of 779 employees completed the questionnaire. Results showed moderate to strong correlation among the corresponding HSE-MS IT and JCQ scales. Hierarchical regression highlighted the specific contribution of each of the HSE-MS IT scales in predicting three relevant work-related stress outcomes (self-reported stress, job satisfaction and job motivation), after controlling for gender, age and life satisfaction.

Conclusions: Our findings consolidated the HSE-MS IT validity and showed the specific sensitivity of its scales to assess different aspects of work-related distress, including self-perception of stress at work. These results can have practical implications for the occupational well-being of employees.

Keywords: Risk assessment; stress management; workplace stress..

Publication types

  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation*
  • Occupational Diseases* / etiology
  • Occupational Diseases* / psychology
  • Occupational Health*
  • Occupations
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Risk Assessment
  • Self Report
  • Stress, Psychological / etiology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards*
  • Work / psychology*
  • Young Adult