Dysregulated expression of lipid storage and membrane dynamics factors in Tia1 knockout mouse nervous tissue

Neurogenetics. 2014 May;15(2):135-44. doi: 10.1007/s10048-014-0397-x.


During cell stress, the transcription and translation of immediate early genes are prioritized, while most other messenger RNAs (mRNAs) are stored away in stress granules or degraded in processing bodies (P-bodies). TIA-1 is an mRNA-binding protein that needs to translocate from the nucleus to seed the formation of stress granules in the cytoplasm. Because other stress granule components such as TDP-43, FUS, ATXN2,SMN, MAPT, HNRNPA2B1, and HNRNPA1 are crucial for the motor neuron diseases amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)/spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) and for the frontotemporal dementia(FTD), here we studied mouse nervous tissue to identify mRNAs with selective dependence on Tia1 deletion. Transcriptome profiling with oligonucleotide microarrays in comparison of spinal cord and cerebellum, together with independent validation in quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR and immunoblots demonstrated several strong and consistent dysregulations. In agreement with previously reported TIA1 knock down effects, cell cycle and apoptosis regulators were affected markedly with expression changes up to +2-fold, exhibiting increased levels for Cdkn1a, Ccnf, and Tprkb vs.decreased levels for Bid and Inca1 transcripts. Novel and surprisingly strong expression alterations were detected for fat storage and membrane trafficking factors, with prominent +3-fold upregulations of Plin4, Wdfy1, Tbc1d24, and Pnpla2 vs. a −2.4-fold downregulation of Cntn4 transcript, encoding an axonal membrane adhesion factor with established haploinsufficiency.In comparison, subtle effects on the RNA processing machinery included up to 1.2-fold upregulations of Dcp1b and Tial1. The effect on lipid dynamics factors is noteworthy, since also the gene deletion of Tardbp (encoding TDP-43) and Atxn2 led to fat metabolism phenotypes in mouse. In conclusion, genetic ablation of the stress granule nucleator TIA-1 has a novel major effect on mRNAs encoding lipid homeostasis factors in the brain, similar to the fasting effect.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins / genetics
  • Brain / metabolism*
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics
  • Contactins / metabolism
  • Cytoplasmic Granules / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Homeostasis
  • Lipid Metabolism / genetics
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Perilipin-4
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism*
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • Spinal Cord / metabolism*
  • Stress, Physiological / genetics*
  • T-Cell Intracellular Antigen-1


  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cntn4 protein, mouse
  • Contactins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Perilipin-4
  • Plin4 protein, mouse
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • T-Cell Intracellular Antigen-1
  • Tia1 protein, mouse