While resistance to HIV transmission is due to multiple mechanisms such as the epithelium, a lower genital tract microbiota dominated by Lactobacillus appears to play an important role. This article reviews selected recent research on genital tract microbiota in women including how microbiota impacts HIV resistance and factors affecting Lactobacillus colonization.
Keywords: Genital tract microbiota; HIV transmission; Lactobacillus; glycogen; lactic acid; pH.
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.