Frequent MYC coamplification and DNA hypomethylation of multiple genes on 8q in 8p11-p12-amplified breast carcinomas

Oncogenesis. 2014 Mar 24;3(3):e95. doi: 10.1038/oncsis.2014.8.


Genetic and epigenetic (DNA methylation, histone modifications, microRNA expression) crosstalk promotes inactivation of tumor suppressor genes or activation of oncogenes by gene loss/hypermethylation or duplications/hypomethylation, respectively. The 8p11-p12 chromosomal region is a hotspot for genomic aberrations (chromosomal rearrangements, amplifications and deletions) in several cancer forms, including breast carcinoma where amplification has been associated with increased proliferation rates and reduced patient survival. Here, an integrative genomics screen (DNA copy number, transcriptional and DNA methylation profiling) performed in 229 primary invasive breast carcinomas identified substantial coamplification of the 8p11-p12 genomic region and the MYC oncogene (8q24.21), as well as aberrant methylation and transcriptional patterns for several genes spanning the 8q12.1-q24.22 genomic region (ENPP2, FABP5, IMPAD1, NDRG1, PLEKHF2, RRM2B, SQLE, TAF2, TATDN1, TRPS1, VPS13B). Taken together, our findings suggest that MYC activity and aberrant DNA methylation may also have a pivotal role in the aggressive tumor phenotype frequently observed in breast carcinomas harboring 8p11-p12 regional amplification.