Hypertension in developing countries

World Health Stat Q. 1988;41(3-4):141-54.


Population surveys carried out since the 1970s in 15 developing countries including 23 population groups show that the prevalence of hypertension ranges from as low as 1% in some African countries to over 30% in Brazil. A trend analysis of the mortality statistics for 35-74 year-olds from 16 countries in which data are available shows a downward trend in mortality from hypertension and cerebrovascular diseases in most of these countries. In spite of the current low prevalence in some countries, the total number of hypertensives in the developing world is high, and a cost assessment of possible antihypertensive drug treatment indicates that developing countries cannot afford the same drug treatment levels as developed countries.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Africa
  • Aged
  • Americas
  • Asia, Southeastern
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / mortality
  • Developing Countries*
  • Europe
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / epidemiology*
  • Hypertension / mortality
  • Male
  • Middle Aged