Introduction: Renal cell cancer is a chemotherapy-insensitive cancer treated by vascular endothelial growth factor receptor antagonists. Recently, a question has arisen on whether there is an interaction between tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as sunitinib, and acid suppressing agents.
Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted for patients at two tertiary care centers who received sunitinib between 1 January 2006 and 31 March 2013. Using electronic systems and a province-wide electronic health records database, medication dispensing records were obtained. A univariate Cox's proportional hazard model determined if acid suppression had effects on progression-free survival and overall survival.
Results: Of 383 patient charts reviewed, 231 were included in the study. Patients on intermittent acid suppression, lost to follow-up or received sunitinib for less than one week were excluded from the study. The median age of the study population was 65. Patients who received no acid suppression (n = 186) had a median progression-free survival of 23.6 weeks (95% CI, 19.0-31.9 weeks) and patients who received continuous acid suppression (n = 45) had a median progression-free survival of 18.9 weeks (95% CI, 11.0-23.7 p = 0.04). A median overall survival of 62.4 weeks (95% CI, 42.0-82.7 weeks) was observed in the group with no acid suppression, while a median overall survival of 40.9 weeks (95% CI, 26.1-74.4 weeks) was observed in the continuous acid suppression group (p = 0.02).
Conclusion: There was a significant difference in progression-free survival and overall survival between the acid suppressed and no acid suppression groups. Further research is required to confirm this potential interaction.
Keywords: Sunitinib; overall survival; progression-free survival; proton pump inhibitors; renal cell cancer.
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