Association of mRNA and eIF-2 alpha with the cytoskeleton in cells lacking vimentin

Exp Cell Res. 1989 Apr;181(2):317-30. doi: 10.1016/0014-4827(89)90091-8.


The human bladder carcinoma cell lines RT4 and T24 and the human breast adenocarcinoma cell line MCF-7 were found to be negative for vimentin when studied by means of immunofluorescence and immunoblotting. Northern blot analysis revealed that these cells lacked detectable levels of vimentin mRNA with the exception of T24, which contains trace amounts of vimentin mRNA compared to the RNA level in vimentin-containing HeLa cells. CAT assays performed on these cells showed that a hamster vimentin promoter is inactive in RT4 and MCF-7 cells. In the vimentin-lacking cells, the binding of polyribosomes, specific mRNAs, and translation factor eIF-2 alpha to the cytoskeletal fraction was examined. Our results indicate that the presence of a vimentin network is not crucial for the association of the translation machinery with the cytoskeleton. Furthermore, in these vimentin-negative cell lines the immunofluorescence staining pattern of eIF-2 alpha shows a fibro-granular structure that has no resemblance to the cytokeratin or actin cytoskeleton present in these cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Actins / analysis
  • Animals
  • Cytoskeleton / analysis
  • Cytoskeleton / metabolism*
  • DNA / analysis
  • DNA / genetics
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-2
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Immunoblotting
  • Keratins / analysis
  • Peptide Initiation Factors / analysis
  • Peptide Initiation Factors / metabolism*
  • Polyribosomes / metabolism*
  • Protein Biosynthesis
  • Proteins / analysis
  • Proteins / metabolism*
  • RNA / analysis
  • RNA / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Vimentin / analysis
  • Vimentin / genetics
  • Vimentin / physiology*


  • Actins
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-2
  • Peptide Initiation Factors
  • Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Vimentin
  • RNA
  • Keratins
  • DNA