Background: Locally advanced gastric cancer with extensive regional and/or para-aortic lymph node (PAN) metastases is typically unresectable and associated with poor outcomes. This study investigated the safety and efficacy of S-1 plus cisplatin followed by extended surgery with PAN dissection for gastric cancer with extensive lymph node metastasis.
Methods: Patients with gastric cancer with bulky lymph node metastasis along the coeliac artery and its branches and/or PAN metastasis received two or three 28-day cycles of S-1 plus cisplatin, followed by gastrectomy with D2 plus PAN dissection. The primary endpoint was the percentage of complete resections with clear margins in the primary tumour (R0 resection). A target sample size of 50 with one-sided α of 0.105 and β of approximately 0.2 corresponded to an expected R0 rate of 65 per cent and a threshold of 50 per cent.
Results: Between February 2005 and June 2007, 53 patients were enrolled, of whom 51 were eligible. The R0 resection rate was 82 per cent. Clinical and pathological response rates were 65 and 51 per cent respectively. The 3- and 5-year overall survival rates were 59 and 53 per cent respectively. During chemotherapy, grade 3/4 neutropenia occurred in 19 per cent and grade 3/4 non-haematological adverse events in 15.4 per cent. The incidence of grade 3/4 adverse events related to surgery was 12 per cent. There were no reoperations or treatment-related deaths.
Conclusion: For locally advanced gastric cancer with extensive lymph node metastasis, 4-weekly S-1 plus cisplatin followed by surgery including PAN dissection was safe and effective for some patients. Further investigation of this treatment strategy is warranted.
© 2014 BJS Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.