Fatty acid synthase is required for mammary gland development and milk production during lactation

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2014 May 15;306(10):E1132-43. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00514.2013. Epub 2014 Mar 25.

Abstract

The mammary gland is one of the few adult tissues that strongly induce de novo fatty acid synthesis upon physiological stimulation, suggesting that fatty acid is important for milk production during lactation. The committed enzyme to perform this function is fatty acid synthase (FASN). To determine whether de novo fatty acid synthesis is obligatory or dietary fat is sufficient for mammary gland development and function during lactation, Fasn was specifically knocked out in mouse mammary epithelial cells. We found that deletion of Fasn hindered the development and induced the premature involution of the lactating mammary gland and significantly decreased medium- and long-chain fatty acids and total fatty acid contents in the milk. Consequently, pups nursing from Fasn knockout mothers experienced growth retardation and preweanling death, which was rescued by cross-fostering pups to a lactating wild-type mother. These results demonstrate that FASN is essential for the development, functional competence, and maintenance of the lactating mammary gland.

Keywords: fatty acid synthase; gene knockout; lactation; lipid synthesis; mammary gland.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Fatty Acid Synthase, Type I / genetics
  • Fatty Acid Synthase, Type I / physiology*
  • Female
  • Lactation / genetics*
  • Lactation / metabolism
  • Male
  • Mammary Glands, Animal / enzymology*
  • Mammary Glands, Animal / growth & development*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Milk / metabolism*

Substances

  • Fatty Acid Synthase, Type I