Use of an activity monitor and GPS device to assess community activity and participation in transtibial amputees

Sensors (Basel). 2014 Mar 25;14(4):5845-59. doi: 10.3390/s140405845.


This study characterized measures of community activity and participation of transtibial amputees based on combined data from separate accelerometer and GPS devices. The relationship between community activity and participation and standard clinical measures was assessed. Forty-seven participants were recruited (78% male, mean age 60.5 years). Participants wore the accelerometer and GPS devices for seven consecutive days. Data were linked to assess community activity (community based step counts) and community participation (number of community visits). Community activity and participation were compared across amputee K-level groups. Forty-six participants completed the study. On average each participant completed 16,645 (standard deviation (SD) 13,274) community steps and 16 (SD 10.9) community visits over seven days. There were differences between K-level groups for measures of community activity (F(2,45) = 9.4, p < 0.001) and participation (F(2,45) = 6.9, p = 0.002) with lower functioning K1/2 amputees demonstrating lower levels of community activity and participation than K3 and K4 amputees. There was no significant difference between K3 and K4 for community activity (p = 0.28) or participation (p = 0.43). This study demonstrated methodology to link accelerometer and GPS data to assess community activity and participation in a group of transtibial amputees. Differences in K-levels do not appear to accurately reflect actual community activity or participation in higher functioning transtibial amputees.

MeSH terms

  • Accelerometry
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Amputees*
  • Community Participation*
  • Female
  • Geographic Information Systems / instrumentation*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Residence Characteristics*
  • Tibia / surgery*
  • Young Adult