Epitope mapping of recombinant human gamma interferon using monoclonal antibodies

Mol Immunol. 1989 Jan;26(1):17-25. doi: 10.1016/0161-5890(89)90015-1.


Five monoclonal antibodies (MAbs B22, B27, 3-6, 32 and 35) specific for human recombinant IFN-gamma were characterized. These MAbs were used to set up quantitative sandwich ELISAs which allowed the detection of 1.25 ng/ml of IFN-gamma when diluted in normal human serum. Epitope mapping of the IFN-gamma molecule using these MAbs demonstrated that antibodies 3-6 and 32 which did not inhibit the biological activity of IFN-gamma recognized an epitope localized on the 15 C-terminal amino acids, suggesting that this portion of the molecule was not implicated in the biological activity of IFN-gamma. Sandwich ELISAs were performed using various pairs of MAbs. The level of reactivity obtained when antibodies B22 and B27 were used simultaneously as catcher and tracer was similar to the result obtained with two antibodies recognizing different epitopes. These results confirm that the IFN-gamma molecule is a dimer in solution and indicate that the two sites of the IFN-gamma dimeric molecule which are associated with the biological activity (epitope B22/B27) are fully exposed. In contrast, the C-terminus is only partially accessible to the antibodies 3-6/32, suggesting that the dimerization of IFN-gamma molecule results in the interaction of regions of the monomers that are homologous and adjacent to the C-terminus.

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Cross Reactions
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Epitopes / analysis*
  • Humans
  • Interferon-gamma / immunology*
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Epitopes
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Interferon-gamma