Breast augmentation

Plast Reconstr Surg. 2014 Apr;133(4):567e-583e. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000000033.


Learning objectives: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Assess patient physical characteristics that influence implant selection. 2. Adopt a system to aid in implant size selection. 3. Become cognizant of the advantages and disadvantages of incision, pocket plane, and implant options. 4. Understand implant positioning concepts and aseptic implant handling methods. 5. Manage untoward postoperative sequelae 6. Understand secondary surgery concepts.

Summary: Breast augmentation is the most commonly performed aesthetic surgical procedure. Choices of incisions, pocket plane, and myriad implant characteristics constitute the basis for surgical planning. Analysis of physical characteristics and inclusion of the patient in implant selection contribute to overall satisfaction and reduce requests for secondary surgery. Technical expertise in implant positioning and aseptic handling helps to prevent capsular contracture, implant malposition, and other shape problems. Despite the need for secondary surgery in some, patient satisfaction is high.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Video-Audio Media

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage
  • Breast Implantation* / adverse effects
  • Breast Implantation* / methods
  • Breast Implants
  • Consent Forms
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Implant Capsular Contracture / epidemiology
  • Pain, Postoperative / prevention & control
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Postoperative Care
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Saline Solution, Hypertonic
  • Thoracic Wall / anatomy & histology


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Saline Solution, Hypertonic