Objects: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is secreted from intestinal L cells, enhances glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, and protects pancreas beta cells. However, few studies have examined hypernutrition stress in L cells and its effects on their function. Here, we demonstrated that a high-fat diet reduced glucose-stimulated secretion of GLP-1 and induced expression of an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress markers in the intestine of a diet-induced obesity mouse model.
Methods: To clarify whether ER stress in L cells caused the attenuation of GLP-1 secretion, we treated the mouse intestinal L cell line, GLUTag cells with palmitate or oleate.
Results: Palmitate, but not oleate caused ER stress and decreased the protein levels of prohormone convertase 1/3 (PC1/3), an essential enzyme in GLP-1 production. The same phenomena were observed in GLUTag cells treated with in ER stress inducer, thapsigargin. Moreover, oleate improved palmitate-induced ER stress, reduced protein and activity levels of PC1/3, and attenuated GLP-1 secretion from GLUTag cells.
Conclusions/interpretation: These results suggest that the intake of abundant saturated fatty acids induces ER stress in the intestine and decreases GLP-1 production.
Keywords: ER stress; GLP-1; GLUTag; PC1/3.
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