Eggshell membrane biomaterial as a platform for applications in materials science

Acta Biomater. 2014 Sep;10(9):3827-43. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2014.03.020. Epub 2014 Mar 27.


Eggshell membrane (ESM) is a unique biomaterial, which is generally considered as waste. However, it has extraordinary properties which can be utilized in various fields and its potential applications are therefore now being widely studied. The first part of this review focuses on the chemical composition and morphology of ESM. The main areas of ESM application are discussed in the second part. These applications include its utilization as a biotemplate for the synthesis of nanoparticles; as a sorbent of heavy metals, organics, dyes, sulfonates and fluorides; as the main component of biosensors; in medicine; and various other applications. For each area of interest, a detailed literature survey is given.

Keywords: Application; Biomaterial; Eggshell membrane; Review.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biocompatible Materials / pharmacology*
  • Egg Shell / anatomy & histology
  • Egg Shell / chemistry*
  • Egg Shell / ultrastructure
  • Materials Testing / methods*
  • Membranes / drug effects
  • Nanotechnology


  • Biocompatible Materials