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. 2014 May;34:42-6.
doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2014.02.025. Epub 2014 Mar 28.

Knowledge and Attitudes Towards Epilepsy in Zambia: A Questionnaire Survey

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Knowledge and Attitudes Towards Epilepsy in Zambia: A Questionnaire Survey

Elisabetta Pupillo et al. Epilepsy Behav. .

Abstract

Misconception and stigma towards epilepsy have a profound impact on this disease in Africa. An unselected sample of Zambian people was interviewed to investigate their knowledge and attitudes towards epilepsy. Proper/improper answers were scored, and a composite score was developed with negative values for unsatisfactory awareness and high stigma levels. The sample comprised 231 people residing in urban (107) or in rural (124) areas. The median and interquartile range of scores for epilepsy awareness and stigma were, respectively, -1 (-3; +1) and +1 (-1; +6). Poor education was the only significant predictor of unsatisfactory awareness (p=0.0131), while education and residency were significantly associated with stigma (p<0.0001 and p=0.0004). Rural people were mostly in the highest stigma level (44.2%) and urban people in the lowest stigma level (60.4%). Misconception and negative attitudes towards epilepsy among Zambian people reflect poor education and rural residency.

Keywords: Attitudes; Care; Epilepsy; Knowledge; Rural; Urban; Zambia.

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