Whisker barrel cortex delta oscillations and gamma power in the awake mouse are linked to respiration

Nat Commun. 2014 Apr 1:5:3572. doi: 10.1038/ncomms4572.


Current evidence suggests that delta oscillations (0.5-4 Hz) in the brain are generated by intrinsic network mechanisms involving cortical and thalamic circuits. Here we report that delta band oscillation in spike and local field potential (LFP) activity in the whisker barrel cortex of awake mice is phase locked to respiration. Furthermore, LFP oscillations in the gamma frequency band (30-80 Hz) are amplitude modulated in phase with the respiratory rhythm. Removal of the olfactory bulb eliminates respiration-locked delta oscillations and delta-gamma phase-amplitude coupling. Our findings thus suggest respiration-locked olfactory bulb activity as a main driving force behind delta oscillations and gamma power modulation in the whisker barrel cortex in the awake state.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cerebral Cortex / chemistry
  • Cerebral Cortex / physiology*
  • Electroencephalography
  • Male
  • Mice / physiology*
  • Mice / psychology
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Olfactory Bulb / chemistry
  • Olfactory Bulb / physiology*
  • Respiration*
  • Vibrissae / physiology*
  • Wakefulness*