Examination of genetic variation in GABRA2 with conduct disorder and alcohol abuse and dependence in a longitudinal study

Behav Genet. 2014 Jul;44(4):356-67. doi: 10.1007/s10519-014-9653-y. Epub 2014 Apr 1.


Previous studies have shown associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in gamma aminobutyric acid receptor alpha 2 (GABRA2) and adolescent conduct disorder (CD) and alcohol dependence in adulthood, but not adolescent alcohol dependence. The present study was intended as a replication and extension of this work, focusing on adolescent CD, adolescent alcohol abuse and dependence (AAD), and adult AAD. Family based association tests were run using Hispanics and non-Hispanic European American subjects from two independent longitudinal samples. Although the analysis provided nominal support for an association with rs9291283 and AAD in adulthood and CD in adolescence, the current study failed to replicate previous associations between two well replicated GABRA2 SNPs and CD and alcohol dependence. Overall, these results emphasize the utility of including an independent replication sample in the study design, so that the results from an individual sample can be weighted in the context of its reproducibility.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Alcoholism / genetics*
  • Conduct Disorder / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
  • Receptors, GABA-A / genetics*
  • Young Adult


  • GABRA2 protein, human
  • Receptors, GABA-A