Indications of Capsule Endoscopy in Crohn´s Disease

Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 2014 Jan;106(1):37-44. doi: 10.4321/s1130-01082014000100006.

Abstract

Capsule endoscopy currently plays a relevant role for Crohn´s disease. This manuscript will discuss the current indications and practical uses of capsule endoscopy in this disease. It is a non-invasive technique that represents a significant advance in the endoscopic diagnosis of small bowel conditions. These circumstances, together with its diagnostic yield and excellent tolerability, make it considerably acceptable by both patients and physicians. This paper discusses the current evidence on the specific circumstances where capsule endoscopy may be indicated for three specific scenarios: Suspected Crohn´s disease, indeterminate colitis, and established Crohn´s disease, where it plays an extensive role. Furthermore, the impact and implications of capsule endoscopy results for follow-up are reviewed. These recommendations must be interpreted and applied in the setting of the integral, individual management of these patients. Understanding its appropriate use in daily clinical practice and an analysis of results may define endoscopic scoring systems to assess activity and mucosal healing in this condition. The present role of capsule endoscopy for Crohn´s disease is subject to ongoing review, and appropriate usage uncovers novel applications likely to result in relevant changes for the future management of these patients.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Capsule Endoscopes
  • Capsule Endoscopy / adverse effects
  • Capsule Endoscopy / methods*
  • Crohn Disease / diagnosis*
  • Crohn Disease / therapy
  • Humans