Diabetes is the third most common chronic disease in the pediatric population and diabetes management in adolescents presents a unique challenge for health care providers. The purpose of this article is to define telemedicine, review a variety of telemedicine intervention studies in the adolescent population, and interpret those results in the context of the current health care climate. Clinicians and researchers will be provided with education related to adolescent needs and telemedicine interventions so that telemedicine can be used effectively to promote the health of adolescents with diabetes. Because telemedicine has yet to demonstrate consistent and significant positive outcomes in this population, further research and continued development of technology are essential to improve diabetes control in adolescents and prevent the long-term complications of this disease.
Keywords: adolescen; chronic disease; diabetes mellitus, type 1; self-care; telecommunications.
© The Author(s) 2014.