Yogurt: Role in Healthy and Active Aging

Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 May;99(5 Suppl):1263S-70S. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.113.073957. Epub 2014 Apr 2.

Abstract

Yogurt consumption has been associated with health benefits in different populations. Limited information, however, is available on nutritional and health attributes of yogurt in older adults. Yogurt is abundant in calcium, zinc, B vitamins, and probiotics; it is a good source of protein; and it may be supplemented with vitamin D and additional probiotics associated with positive health outcomes. Aging is accompanied by a wide array of nutritional deficiencies and health complications associated with under- and overnutrition, including musculoskeletal impairment, immunosenescence, cardiometabolic diseases, and cognitive impairment. Furthermore, yogurt is accessible and convenient to consume by the older population, which makes yogurt consumption a feasible approach to enhance older adults' nutritional status. A limited number of studies have specifically addressed the impact of yogurt on the nutritional and health status of older adults, and most are observational. However, those reported thus far and reviewed here are encouraging and suggest that yogurt could play a role in improving the nutritional status and health of older adults. In addition, these reports support further investigation into the role of yogurt in healthy and active aging.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aging / physiology*
  • Bone and Bones / physiology
  • Cognition / physiology
  • Diet
  • Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Humans
  • Malnutrition / prevention & control
  • Micronutrients / administration & dosage
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
  • Nutritional Status
  • Nutritive Value
  • Observational Studies as Topic
  • Probiotics / administration & dosage
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Risk Factors
  • Vitamin D / administration & dosage*
  • Yogurt*

Substances

  • Dietary Proteins
  • Micronutrients
  • Vitamin D