Blood pressure plays an important role in the development and progression of cardiovascular disease. Among hypertensive patients, those with African ancestry present with distinctive metabolic characteristics and cardiovascular profile. As a result, the need for individualized antihypertensive treatment strategy is of great importance. Lifestyle modifications as well as low sodium diet will play a major role in controlling blood pressure. The initiation of antihypertensive treatment with calcium channel blockers or diuretics is favored over angiotensin receptor blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or β-blockers, provided no specific indications for the latter drugs are present. Moreover, the need for combination treatment often arises. As a result, the effective and safe hypertension management of patients with African ancestry is of critical importance for reducing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
Keywords: African ancestry; antihypertensive drugs; hypertension.