Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2014 May;23(5):735-41.
doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-13-0855. Epub 2014 Apr 3.

Association Between Upper Digestive Tract Microbiota and Cancer-Predisposing States in the Esophagus and Stomach

Affiliations
Free PMC article

Association Between Upper Digestive Tract Microbiota and Cancer-Predisposing States in the Esophagus and Stomach

Guoqin Yu et al. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Background: The human upper digestive tract microbial community (microbiota) is not well characterized and few studies have explored how it relates to human health. We examined the relationship between upper digestive tract microbiota and two cancer-predisposing states, serum pepsinogen I/pepsinogen II ratio (PGI/II; predictor of gastric cancer risk) and esophageal squamous dysplasia (ESD; the precursor lesion of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma; ESCC) in a cross-sectional design.

Methods: The Human Oral Microbe Identification Microarray was used to test for the presence of 272 bacterial species in 333 upper digestive tract samples from a Chinese cancer screening cohort. Serum PGI and PGII were determined by ELISA. ESD was determined by chromoendoscopy with biopsy.

Results: Lower microbial richness (number of bacterial genera per sample) was significantly associated with lower PGI/II ratio (P = 0.034) and the presence of ESD (P = 0.018). We conducted principal component (PC) analysis on a β-diversity matrix (pairwise difference in microbiota), and observed significant correlations between PC1, PC3, and PGI/II (P = 0.004 and 0.009, respectively), and between PC1 and ESD (P = 0.003).

Conclusions: Lower microbial richness in upper digestive tract was independently associated with both cancer-predisposing states in the esophagus and stomach (presence of ESD and lower PGI/II).

Impact: These novel findings suggest that the upper digestive tract microbiota may play a role in the etiology of chronic atrophic gastritis and ESD, and therefore in the development of gastric and esophageal cancers.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of interest: No

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Plots of serum PGI/II and number of genera per sample in all studied subjects (Fig 1a), subjects without ESD (Fig 1b), and subjects with ESD (Fig 1c). The regression lines and P value were from the adjusted linear regression models.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Boxplots of ESD status and number of genera per sample in all studied subjects (Fig 2a), subjects with PGI/II less than median (Fig 2b), subjects with PGI/II equal or greater than median (Fig 2c). Boxes encompass the interquartile range (IQR), with central bars for medians and whiskers for 1.5-times the IQR. Outlier values are circles. P values were from the adjusted logistic regression models.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 29 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

MeSH terms

Feedback