Aims: Impact of periprocedural bleeding after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) over mid-term prognosis remains still unclear.
Methods: Consecutive patients who underwent TAVI from May 2008 to July 2012 were prospectively included and stratified according to life-threatening (LT) and major bleeding (MB). Mid-term all-cause death was the primary end-point, and 30-day death, vascular complications, stroke, and acute kidney injury the secondary ones. All end-points were adjudicated according to VARC.
Results: Seven hundred fourteen patients with an average age of 81.9 ± 5.8 years were included. 130 (18%) patients suffered a LT, 112 (16%) a MB. A preprocedural GFR <30 ml/min and increasing diameter of sheaths were independent predictors of LT or MB, while transfemoral approach showed a protective effect (OR 0.42; CI: 0.26-0.68; P = 0.035). At 30 days LT (OR 3.3; CI: 1.1-9.7; P = 0.0026) and MB (OR 3.5; CI: 1.4-8.6; P = 0.007) bleeding along with GFR < 30 ml/min (OR 2.3; CI: 1.1-5.5; P = 0.04) were independent predictors of death, while bleeding did not impact survival on mid term (OR 0.9; CI: 0.47-1.7; P = 0.78; all CI 95%).
Conclusion: Periprocedural bleeding after TAVI was frequent and associated with an increased mortality after 30 days but not after mid-term follow-up. A preprocedural GFR < 30 ml/min was the most important predictor of bleeding, enabling risk stratification and choice of approach for these patients.
© 2014, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.