We sought to identify demographic or care process variables associated with increased 30-day readmission within the total hip and knee arthroplasty patient population. Using this information, we generated a model to predict 30-day readmission risk following total hip and knee arthroplasty procedures. Longer index length of stay, discharge disposition to a nursing facility, blood transfusion, general anesthesia, anemia, anticoagulation status prior to index admission, and Charlson Comorbidity Index greater than 2 were identified as independent risk factors for readmission. Care process factors during the hospital stay appear to have a large predictive value for 30-day readmission. Specific comorbidities and patient demographic factors showed less significance. The predictive nomogram constructed for primary total joint readmission had a bootstrap-corrected concordance statistic of 0.76.
Keywords: 30-day readmission; risk stratification; total joint arthroplasty; value-based healthcare.
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