Survival after repair of pararenal and paravisceral abdominal aortic aneurysms

J Vasc Surg. 2014 Jun;59(6):1488-94. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2014.01.008. Epub 2014 Apr 4.


Objective: The objective of this study was to review our 27-year clinical experience with open proximal abdominal aortic aneurysm repairs, with a focus on long-term survival.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was undertaken of all patients who underwent proximal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair between 1986 and 2013 at a tertiary care referral center. Demographics, operative variables, complications, and 30-day mortality were analyzed. Postoperative acute kidney injury was analyzed by the RIFLE (Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, End-stage renal disease)/Acute Kidney Injury Network criteria. Long-term survival was assessed through review of electronic medical records and the Social Security Death Index. Associations between demographics and complications were investigated to determine predictors of long-term survival.

Results: The study identified 245 patients. Mean age was 71 years (range, 38-92 years); 69% were men, and 88% were white. Aneurysm type was juxtarenal in 127 patients (52%), suprarenal in 68 patients (28%), and type IV thoracoabdominal in 50 patients (20%). In-hospital mortality was 3.3% (eight patients), and 30-day mortality was 2.9% (seven patients). At least one major complication occurred in 64% of the patients, which included the following: acute kidney injury, 60% (persistent acute kidney injury at discharge, however, was 28%, and hemodialysis at discharge was 1.6%); major pulmonary complications, 22%; myocardial infarction, 4%; visceral ischemia, 2%; and paraplegia, 0.5%. Median follow-up was 54 months. Kaplan-Meier survival estimates were 70% at 5 years and 43% at 10 years. Variables associated with poorer survival included congestive heart failure (hazard ratio [HR], 3.5; P < .001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (HR, 1.8; P < .002), and increased aneurysm size at presentation (HR, 1.1; P < .013). Persistent stage 3 acute kidney injury was associated with poor long-term survival.

Conclusions: Open surgical repair of proximal abdominal aortic aneurysms can be performed with low mortality. Acute kidney injury is the most frequent complication, but the need for hemodialysis at discharge is low. Long-term survival is favorable. These data should assist in establishing benchmarks for endovascular repair of complex proximal abdominal aortic aneurysms.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / diagnosis
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / mortality
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / surgery*
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation / methods*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hospital Mortality / trends
  • Humans
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate
  • Male
  • Michigan / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications / mortality*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Rate / trends
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome