Whether the presence of cirrhosis influences patient-reported outcomes (PROs), including health-related quality of life, during treatment with newly available anti-HCV (hepatitis C virus) regimens is unclear. Our aim was to assess the association of cirrhosis with PROs in patients treated with sofosbuvir (SOF)-containing regimens. Four PRO questionnaires (Short Form-36 [SF-36], Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue [FACIT-F], Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire-HCV (CLDQ-HCV), and the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire: Specific Health Problem [WPAI-SHP]) were administered to subjects receiving SOF and ribavirin (RBV; FUSION trial, N=201, 34% cirrhosis; VALENCE trial: N=333, 21% cirrhosis) and SOF, RBV, and pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN; NEUTRINO trial: N=327, 17% cirrhosis). HCV patients with cirrhosis showed significant impairment of PROs before initiation of treatment. During treatment, patients with cirrhosis treated with the IFN-free regimen experienced moderate decline in their PRO scores (0.6%-5.2% on a normalized scale of the summary scores; all P>0.02). In contrast, patients with cirrhosis treated with IFN-containing regimen showed decline in PRO scores that ranged from 3.4% to 16.0% (all P<0.005). Nevertheless, by follow-up week 12, no PRO decrement from baseline was observed in patients with cirrhosis regardless of the treatment regimen. Furthermore, in patients with cirrhosis with HCV who achieved sustained virological response at 12 weeks (SVR-12), some improvement in PROs from baseline was observed. During treatment, changes in PRO scores were similar between patients with and without cirrhosis for both treatment regimens (all P>0.05). Independent predictors of lower PROs in patients with cirrhosis included baseline depression, anxiety, fatigue, high HCV viral load, female gender, and receiving IFN-containing treatment.
Conclusions: Treatment with SOF+RBV with or without Peg-IFN is tolerated by HCV patients with and without cirrhosis in terms of their PRO scores. After achieving SVR-12 with the IFN-free regimen, patients with cirrhosis showed improvement in some aspects of their PROs.
© 2014 by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.