The Relationship Between Organizational Characteristics and Advance Care Planning Practices

Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2015 Aug;32(5):510-5. doi: 10.1177/1049909114530039. Epub 2014 Apr 7.


Organizational characteristics may impede the uniform adoption of advance care planning (ACP) best practices. We conducted telephone interviews with site directors of a Midwestern state's Medicaid waiver program administered by the Area Agencies on Aging and surveyed the 433 care managers (registered nurses and social workers) employed within these 9 agencies. Care managers at 2 agencies reported more frequent ACP discussions and higher levels of confidence. Both sites had ACP training programs, follow-up protocols, and informational packets available for consumers that were not consistently available at the other agencies. The findings point to the need for consistent educational programs and policies on ACP and more in depth examination of the values, beliefs, and resources that account for organizational differences in ACP.

Keywords: advance care planning; area agency on aging; care management; community-based long-term care; nurses; organizational characteristics; social workers.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Advance Care Planning / organization & administration*
  • Advance Care Planning / standards
  • Clinical Protocols / standards
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inservice Training / organization & administration
  • Male
  • Medicaid / statistics & numerical data
  • Middle Aged
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • United States