Zoonotic disease surveillance--inventory of systems integrating human and animal disease information

Zoonoses Public Health. 2015 Feb;62(1):61-74. doi: 10.1111/zph.12120. Epub 2014 Apr 9.


Although 65% of recent major disease outbreaks throughout the world have a zoonotic origin, there is still a sharp division among the disciplines into the human and animal health sectors. In the last few decades, a global integrative concept, often referred to as 'One Health', has been strongly endorsed. Surveillance and monitoring efforts are major components for effective disease prevention and control. As human health and animal health are inextricably linked, it is assumed that a cross-sectoral data interpretation of zoonotic disease information will improve their prevention, prediction and control. To provide an overview of existing systems throughout the world which integrate information from humans and animals on zoonotic diseases, a literature review was conducted. Twenty projects were identified and described regarding their concepts and realization. They all vary widely depending on their surveillance purpose, their structure and the source of information they use. What they have in common is that they quite often use data which have already been collected for another purpose. Therefore, the challenges of how to make use of such secondary data are of great interest.

Keywords: One health; cross-sectoral approach; data sharing; epidemiological data sources; information integration; interdisciplinary collaboration.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animal Diseases / epidemiology
  • Animals
  • Cooperative Behavior
  • Data Collection / methods
  • Disease Outbreaks / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Public Health Practice
  • Public Health Surveillance / methods*
  • Zoonoses / epidemiology*
  • Zoonoses / prevention & control*