High speed, wide velocity dynamic range Doppler optical coherence tomography (Part IV): split spectrum processing in rotary catheter probes

Opt Express. 2014 Apr 7;22(7):7399-415. doi: 10.1364/OE.22.007399.


We report a technique for blood flow detection using split spectrum Doppler optical coherence tomography (ssDOCT) that shows improved sensitivity over existing Doppler OCT methods. In ssDOCT, the Doppler signal is averaged over multiple sub-bands of the interferogram, increasing the SNR of the Doppler signal. We explore the parameterization of this technique in terms of number of sub-band windows, width and overlap of the windows, and their effect on the Doppler signal to noise in a flow phantom. Compared to conventional DOCT, ssDOCT processing has increased flow sensitivity. We demonstrate the effectiveness of ssDOCT in-vivo for intravascular flow detection within a porcine carotid artery and for microvascular vessel detection in human pulmonary imaging, using rotary catheter probes. To our knowledge, this is the first report of visualizing in-vivo Doppler flow patterns adjacent to stent struts in the carotid artery.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms*
  • Animals
  • Blood Flow Velocity / physiology*
  • Catheters*
  • Humans
  • Laser-Doppler Flowmetry / instrumentation*
  • Phantoms, Imaging*
  • Swine
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence / instrumentation*