Indicators of mental health in various Iranian populations

Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2014 Feb;16(2):e14292. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.14292. Epub 2014 Feb 5.


Background: Promoting mental health and preventing mental disorders are of the main concerns for every country. Achieving these goals requires effective indexes for evaluating mental health. Therefore, to develop mental health enhancement programs in Iran, there is a need to measure the state of mental health in Iran.

Objectives: This study aimed to select a set of mental health indicators that can be used to monitor the status of mental health in Iran.

Materials and methods: This research work used Q-methodology which combines both quantitative and qualitative research methods for establishment of mental health indicators in Iran. In this study, 30 participants were chosen by purposive sampling from different types of professionals in the field of mental health.

Results: Twenty seven mental health indicators were obtained from the Q-methodology. The most important indicators obtained in this study are as follows: annual prevalence of mental disorders, suicide rates, number of mental health professionals, mental health expenditures and suicide related deaths.

Conclusions: This study provides mental health indices for measuring mental health status in Iran. These mental health indices can be used to measure progress in the reform policies and community mental health services.

Keywords: Indicators and Reagents; Iran; Mental Health.