Neonatal cranial ultrasonography as predictor of 2 year outcome of very low birthweight infants

Aust Paediatr J. 1989 Apr;25(2):66-71. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.1989.tb01418.x.


Real time ultrasound scans using an ATL 300C sector scanner with 5-7.5 MHz transducer were performed on days 1, 4, 7 and thereafter as clinically necessary on 153 consecutively discharged very low birthweight (VLBW) infants. One hundred and forty-six long-term survivors were assessed fully at 2 years. The prevalence of cerebroventricular haemorrhage (CVH) in these survivors was 34.2% (grade 1-21.2%; grade 2-4.8%; grade 3-3.4%; grade 4-4.8%), ventricular dilatation 19.9% (including 4.1% with ventriculoperitoneal shunt), and ischaemia 9%. Impairments at 2 years were classified as nil, mild, moderate, severe or multiply severe, based on the criteria of Kitchen et al. Overall, 120 infants (82.2%) were unimpaired and 6.2% had mild, 3.4% had moderate, 4.1% had severe and 4.1% had multiply severe impairment. The major factors associated with impairment were gestational age less than 28 weeks, birthweight less than 1000 g, vaginal delivery, respiratory distress syndrome, mechanical ventilation, pulmonary air leaks and CVH. When these factors were reanalysed in a logistic regression model for odds ratios, only CVH (P less than 0.005) and birth by spontaneous vaginal delivery (P less than 0.05) were significant. The prevalence of impairment was 11.4% with no CVH, 6.5% grade 1, 71% grade 2, 20.0% grade 3 and 100.0% grade 4 CVH. The sensitivity of CVH of grade 2 or greater as a screening test was 64.7% for impairment, 78.6% for cerebral palsy and 70% for severe intellectual handicap. The mean general quotient (GQ) (Griffiths) at 2 years for infants with CVH was 89.1, and 97.5 for those without CVH (P less than 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Brain Ischemia / complications
  • Brain Ischemia / diagnosis*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / complications
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnosis*
  • Cerebral Palsy / etiology*
  • Cerebral Ventricles / pathology
  • Child, Preschool
  • Developmental Disabilities / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight / growth & development*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Ultrasonography*