Targeting tobacco in a community-based addiction recovery cohort: results from a computerized, brief, randomized intervention trial

Contemp Clin Trials. 2014 May;38(1):113-20. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2014.03.008. Epub 2014 Apr 8.


Introduction: Nearly 80% of substance dependent individuals also use tobacco, and smoking cessation efforts during treatment for other substance use is associated with similar or even improved outcomes. However, smoking cessation is not routinely addressed during treatment for substance use disorders. The present study tested a computerized brief motivational intervention (C-BMI) for smoking cessation in an understudied population: a cohort recruited from a recovery community organization (RCO) center.

Methods: Following baseline assessment, participants were randomly assigned to either a 30-minute C-BMI plus access to free nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), or an information-only control group plus NRT access.

Results: Reductions in CO were observed for both groups. Quit rates in the C-BMI group (5%-7%, vs. 0% for the control group) approximated those observed elsewhere for physician advice and minimal counseling. Participants in the C-BMI group were also more likely to express a desire to quit.

Conclusions: Computer-delivered smoking cessation interventions within RCOs appear feasible. These organizations treat a wide variety of individuals, and C-BMIs for smoking in this context have the potential to reduce smoking-related morbidity and mortality.

Keywords: Brief interventions; Smoking cessation; Substance abuse recovery.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Counseling
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Research Design*
  • Self Report
  • Smoking Cessation / methods*
  • Smoking Cessation / psychology
  • Software*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / rehabilitation*
  • Tobacco Use Cessation Devices
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / rehabilitation