Indocyanine green videoangiography of choroidal neovascularization

Ophthalmology. 1989 Jun;96(6):846-53. doi: 10.1016/s0161-6420(89)32826-0.


Choroidal neovascular membranes often are poorly defined on fluorescein angiography because of rapid or indistinct fluorescein leakage or because of blockage of hyperfluorescence by overlying hemorrhage, lipid, turbid fluid, or pigment. Indocyanine green (ICG) is a high protein-bound dye with peak absorption (805 nm) and peak fluorescence (835 nm) in the near infrared portion of the spectrum. At these wavelengths, penetration through overlying pigments is increased. Using an infrared videoangiography system, the authors obtained ICG angiograms of 32 eyes with suspected choroidal neovascularization. Compared with fluorescein angiography, ICG improved visualization of the choroidal circulation and enhanced visualization of some membranes that were poorly defined with fluorescein. In addition, after clearance of the dye from the retinal and choroidal circulations, ICG remained in and around the neovascular tissue. The authors conclude that ICG videoangiography may aid in the evaluation of selected patients with poorly defined membranes on fluorescein angiography.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Angiography*
  • Choroid / blood supply*
  • Fluorescein Angiography
  • Fundus Oculi
  • Humans
  • Indocyanine Green / pharmacokinetics*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / pathology*
  • Video Recording


  • Indocyanine Green