TBC1D24 mutation causes autosomal-dominant nonsyndromic hearing loss

Hum Mutat. 2014 Jul;35(7):819-23. doi: 10.1002/humu.22557. Epub 2014 May 6.


Hereditary hearing loss is extremely heterogeneous. Over 70 genes have been identified to date, and with the advent of massively parallel sequencing, the pace of novel gene discovery has accelerated. In a family segregating progressive autosomal-dominant nonsyndromic hearing loss (NSHL), we used OtoSCOPE® to exclude mutations in known deafness genes and then performed segregation mapping and whole-exome sequencing to identify a unique variant, p.Ser178Leu, in TBC1D24 that segregates with the hearing loss phenotype. TBC1D24 encodes a GTPase-activating protein expressed in the cochlea. Ser178 is highly conserved across vertebrates and its change is predicted to be damaging. Other variants in TBC1D24 have been associated with a panoply of clinical symptoms including autosomal recessive NSHL, syndromic hearing impairment associated with onychodystrophy, osteodystrophy, mental retardation, and seizures (DOORS syndrome), and a wide range of epileptic disorders.

Keywords: OtoSCOPE®; TBC1D24; autosomal dominant; hearing impairment; hearing loss; nonsyndromic; pleiotropy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Carrier Proteins / chemistry
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics*
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Deafness / genetics
  • Exome
  • Female
  • GTPase-Activating Proteins
  • Gene Expression
  • Genes, Dominant*
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation*
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Pedigree
  • Sequence Alignment


  • Carrier Proteins
  • GTPase-Activating Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • TBC1D24 protein, human

Supplementary concepts

  • Nonsyndromic Deafness