Jailing Technique Using a Catheter-based Open-cell Stent System in Internal Carotid Artery Sidewall Aneurysms Unfeasible to Simple Coiling

J Cerebrovasc Endovasc Neurosurg. 2013 Dec;15(4):293-8. doi: 10.7461/jcen.2013.15.4.293. Epub 2013 Dec 31.


Objective: An open cell stent system may offer better apposition of cell struts to vessel wall than a closed cell stent system in acute vasculature. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of coiling using the jailing technique with the Neuroform EZ stent system.

Methods: The jailing technique using the open-cell stent system of the Neuroform EZ stent was planned in 22 consecutive patients with 22 cerebral aneurysms. We retrospectively evaluated the technical success of the jailing technique and the occurrence of interference between two microcatheters as well as the factors influencing this interference.

Results: The jailing technique was successful in 19/22 patients (86.4%), and interference between two microcatheters occurred in 6/21 (28.6%). The jailing technique failed in 3/22 patients, with problems that included failure of the stent delivery system to advance into the positioned microcatheter in one, interference between the microcatheters during the advancement of the stent delivery system in one, and failure of microcatheter insertion into the aneurysm sac in the remaining patient. Interference between the two microcatheters developed during the advance of the stent delivery system into the positioned microcatheter in all cases. One factor that influences interference between two microcatheters more than expected by chance is the carotid siphon angle (p = 0.019).

Conclusion: The acuteness of the carotid siphon angle influences the interference between two microcatheters. Therefore, the jailing technique using the Neuroform EZ stent should be performed carefully in cerebral aneurysms with an acute carotid siphon angle because the procedure may possibly fail.

Keywords: Carotid siphon; Jailing; Microcatheter; Neuroform.