Horizontal cells isolated from catfish retina contain two types of excitatory amino acid receptors

J Neurophysiol. 1989 Jun;61(6):1097-109. doi: 10.1152/jn.1989.61.6.1097.


1. Inward going membrane currents elicited by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), glutamate (GLU), and glutamate analogues were recorded from isolated catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) cone horizontal cells using the patch-clamp technique in the whole-cell mode. 2. Currents elicited by the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor agonists NMDA, L-aspartate (ASP) or L-homocysteate (L-HCA) in nominally Mg-free saline were completely blocked by 100 microM 2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate (AP-5) but responses to non-NMDA receptor agonists kainate (KA), quisqualate (QA), or alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-isoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA) in normal Mg2+ saline were unaffected. Responses to GLU were partially blocked. Kynurenic acid (1 mM) effectively blocked responses to all agonists. 3. Concentration-response curves obtained from measured responses in the presence of different NMDA receptor agonists gave Hill coefficients of near 1 indicating a single binding site for channel activation. The rank order of agonist affinity at the NMDA receptor is L-HCA greater than NMDA greater than ASP. Glycine potentiates responses to NMDA in horizontal cells. 4. The NMDA-activated channel is blocked in a voltage-dependent manner by Mg2+, Ni2+, and Co2+ and in a voltage-independent manner by Zn2+. Both the NMDA- and KA-activated channel were permeable to monovalent cations but the NMDA-activated channel appeared to have a greater permeability to Ca2+ than the KA-activated channel. 5. Concentration-response curves measured from responses to the non-NMDA receptor agonists QA, KA, and AMPA gave Hill coefficients of approximately 1.5 suggesting multiple binding sites for channel activation and cooperativity. The rank-order affinity was QA greater than AMPA greater than GLU greater than KA. KA was the most efficacious of the agonists resulting in the largest Imax. Rapid desensitization was observed only in the presence of QA, AMPA, or GLU and this desensitization could be removed by pretreatment with conconavalin A (Con A). 6. Single-channel conductance and mean open time were measured from the fluctuations in current noise in the presence of the agonists. The single-channel conductance estimated from the slope of a linear regression obtained from a plot of the variance of the conductance versus the whole-cell conductance measured in NMDA and ASP was 4.7 pS. The mean channel open time was 1.3 ms. These same parameters measured for KA and QA were 5.7 and 5.9 pS and 1.1 to 1.3 ms, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 2-Amino-5-phosphonovalerate
  • Animals
  • Anticonvulsants / pharmacology
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Cations, Divalent
  • Cell Membrane Permeability / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Concanavalin A / pharmacology
  • Convulsants / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Convulsants / pharmacology
  • Glutamates*
  • Ibotenic Acid / analogs & derivatives
  • Ibotenic Acid / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Ibotenic Acid / pharmacology
  • Ictaluridae
  • Ion Channels / metabolism
  • Kainic Acid / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Kainic Acid / pharmacology
  • Membrane Potentials / drug effects
  • Oxadiazoles / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Oxadiazoles / pharmacology
  • Quisqualic Acid
  • Receptors, Glutamate
  • Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
  • Receptors, Neurotransmitter / analysis*
  • Retina / analysis*
  • Retina / cytology
  • Valine / analogs & derivatives
  • Valine / pharmacology
  • Zinc / pharmacology
  • alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid


  • Anticonvulsants
  • Cations, Divalent
  • Convulsants
  • Glutamates
  • Ion Channels
  • Oxadiazoles
  • Receptors, Glutamate
  • Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
  • Receptors, Neurotransmitter
  • Concanavalin A
  • Ibotenic Acid
  • 2-Amino-5-phosphonovalerate
  • alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid
  • Quisqualic Acid
  • Valine
  • Zinc
  • Kainic Acid
  • Calcium