Human papillomavirus vaccine acceptability among parents of adolescent girls: obstacles and challenges in Mysore, India

Prev Med. 2014 Jul;64:69-74. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.04.002. Epub 2014 Apr 13.


Objective: Worldwide, 530,000 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer and 275,000 die annually. India bears the greatest burden of the disease with 132,000 cases and 74,000 deaths yearly. Widespread uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine could reduce incidence and mortality by two-thirds. This study explored obstacles and facilitators of parental acceptability of HPV vaccine.

Methods: In 2010, questionnaires were sent home with a random sample of 800 girls attending 12 schools in Mysore city to be completed by a parent. Data were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression with generalized estimating equation to account for potential clustering by school.

Results: Of the 797 completed surveys; 71% reported willingness to accept HPV vaccine for their daughters. The adjusted odds of acceptance was higher among participants who received recommendation from their parents, perceived cervical cancer as a serious disease, believed that HPV vaccine was safe, or felt that vaccination was a good way to protect against cervical cancer. Parents who had concerns about vaccine side-effects or thought that it would cause pain had lower odds of acceptance.

Conclusion: Future promotion of vaccine should emphasize safety of immunization and involve promotion to the extended family, so that they actively recommend immunization of young adolescent girls.

Keywords: Acceptability; Adolescent; Barrier; Correlate; Human papillomavirus; India; School; Vaccine.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Educational Status
  • Employment
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • India
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Marital Status
  • Middle Aged
  • Papillomavirus Infections / complications
  • Papillomavirus Infections / prevention & control*
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines / administration & dosage*
  • Parental Consent / psychology
  • Parental Consent / statistics & numerical data*
  • Parents / psychology*
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Religion
  • School Health Services
  • Urban Population
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / virology


  • Papillomavirus Vaccines