Varicella infections are usually considered to be benign. Although very rare, infection of an immunocompetent patient by this virus may result in a severe illness. We describe a case of varicella infection in a previously healthy, immunocompetent 5-y-old boy, complicated with compartment syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), pneumonia, and acute renal failure. He was treated successfully with aciclovir and intravenous immunoglobulins for the varicella infection, a fasciotomy for compartment syndrome, and fresh frozen plasma for DIC.
Keywords: Varicella; acute renal failure; child; compartment syndrome; disseminated intravascular coagulation; pneumonia.