Compartment syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation, pneumonia, and acute renal failure due to varicella in a previously healthy child

Scand J Infect Dis. 2014 Jun;46(6):471-4. doi: 10.3109/00365548.2014.896033. Epub 2014 Apr 16.


Varicella infections are usually considered to be benign. Although very rare, infection of an immunocompetent patient by this virus may result in a severe illness. We describe a case of varicella infection in a previously healthy, immunocompetent 5-y-old boy, complicated with compartment syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), pneumonia, and acute renal failure. He was treated successfully with aciclovir and intravenous immunoglobulins for the varicella infection, a fasciotomy for compartment syndrome, and fresh frozen plasma for DIC.

Keywords: Varicella; acute renal failure; child; compartment syndrome; disseminated intravascular coagulation; pneumonia.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Acute Kidney Injury / virology*
  • Chickenpox / physiopathology*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Compartment Syndromes / virology*
  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation / virology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pneumonia / virology*