Background: High school athletes are at risk for concussions. Although a previously published study showed an increase in concussion rates for a single school district, it remains unknown if the rate of concussions among high school athletes is increasing nationally.
Purpose: To investigate national high school athlete concussion rates over time.
Study design: Descriptive epidemiologic study.
Methods: The rate of concussions per 1000 athlete-exposures was calculated for academic years 2005-2006 through 2011-2012 using the High School Reporting Information Online sports injury surveillance system.
Results: During the 7-year period of this study, High School Reporting Information Online captured 4024 concussions with overall concussion diagnosis rates increasing significantly from 0.23 to 0.51 (P = .004). Concussion diagnosis rates increased for each of the 9 sports studied, with 5 sports having statistically significant increases over this 7-year period.
Conclusion: The study analysis indicates that national concussion diagnosis rates for high school sports have increased significantly over time.
Keywords: athlete; concussion; epidemiology; high school.
© 2014 The Author(s).