Palliative surgery in patients with bulbar amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Head Neck. Jul-Aug 1989;11(4):364-9. doi: 10.1002/hed.2880110414.

Abstract

Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, commonly develop bulbar symptoms including dysphagia, dysarthria, and defective airway protection. Otolaryngologists/head and neck surgeons are frequently asked to assist in the management of these problems. We reviewed our experience of 13 surgical procedures in 7 patients with advanced bulbar ALS. In spite of technically good surgery, 3 patients died within 1 week of hospitalization. Four patients appeared to benefit from the surgery. Patients with bulbar ALS are a high risk group because of chronic malnutrition and dehydration, covert aspiration and pneumonitis, and diminished ventilation. A team approach to these problems is stressed. Perioperative morbidity can be reduced with careful preoperative preparation and patient selection.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / complications
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / surgery*
  • Deglutition Disorders / etiology
  • Esophagostomy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Palliative Care*
  • Tracheotomy